If you’ve searched online for OAuth code, you’ll find quite a few examples.  The problem, from a team perspective, is that none of the examples are encapsulated or self-contained enough for re-use.  Using an example in a real solution involves to much cut & paste and code change.  Obviously, this (anti-) pattern results in poor security implementations, opportunities for hackers, etc.

This implementation, however, is intended to provide a single location for all OAuth and WRAP implementation which can be easily reused by each member of the team.  Although a person or subset of a development team needs to understand what’s going on in AMT.IdentityModel.OAuth classes, most developers will just need to use the WRAPHandler class with appropriate token indicators.

For example, to obtain a Simple Web Token (SWT) given a user name and password (AMT OAuth types in blue):

// Instantiate the appropriate WRAP handler based on the types of token in play.  These lines show
//  a WRAP handler which returns a SimpleWebToken (SWT) given a user password claim token
WRAPHandler<Microsoft.IdentityModel.OAuth.SimpleWebToken, SWTUserPasswordClaimToken> wrapHandler;

// Notice that the Simple Token Service endpoint and application scope are included when instantiating
//	the WRAP handler.  This provides for the ability to retrieve multiple tokens for the same endpoint, etc.
wrapHandler = new WRAPHandler<SimpleWebToken, SWTUserPasswordClaimToken>(m_params.STSEndpoint, m_params.Scope);

// Create the claim token using the appropriate claim token type (user password in this case)
wrapHandler.ClaimToken = new SWTUserPasswordClaimToken(m_params.IdentityName, m_params.IdentityPassword);

// Now just retrieve the token from the STS
SimpleWebToken swt = wrapHandler.RetrieveTokenFromSTS();

To use a symmetric key claim token, the developer just needs to change the claim token type and construct with the appropriate credentials (relevant changes in red):

// Instantiate the appropriate WRAP handler which takes a symmetric key claim token
WRAPHandler<Microsoft.IdentityModel.OAuth.SimpleWebToken, SWTUserSymmetricKeyClaimToken> wrapHandler;
wrapHandler = new WRAPHandler<SimpleWebToken, SWTUserSymmetricKeyClaimToken>(m_params.STSEndpoint, m_params.Scope);

// Create the claim token using the appropriate claim token type and credentials (symmetric key in this case)
wrapHandler.ClaimToken = new SWTUserSymmetricKeyClaimToken(m_params.IdentityName, m_params.IdentitySymmetricKey);

// Now just retrieve the token from the STS
SimpleWebToken swt = wrapHandler.RetrieveTokenFromSTS();

That's it! The WRAPHandler does all the heavy lifting for you.  As you can see from the code above, development team benefits include:

* Compile-time correctness validation - A WRAPHandler declared for symmetric key claim will not compile with user password claim.  How much time would this save your development team over debugging?

* Gaurantees appropriate token type usage and return type - Only the token types declared are allowed; retrieving token from STS returns only the declared type.  If you've ever hand-crafted code for claims, you know how inter-mixed the tokens can become.  Again, saves lots of coding and debugging time.

* Single code path for claims and tokens - How secure is your team's application if claims and token code is copied around?  If you find a bug, how many places need to be updated?

* Opportunity for token caching, etc. - Another benefit of single code path is that your application could implement appropriate token caching and other features without changing multiple areas of code.

(NOTE: The code above was copied from the tests included with the source code, but has been edited for readability.  Please see the source code for more detailed examples.)

Last edited Apr 14, 2011 at 2:38 PM by JBurnett, version 4

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